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Tips of the Trade by J.D. RicheyRSS Feed Subscribe to Tips of the Trade


Issue: February 2014

JD’s 7-year-old son Cooper got dad in the chin on the cast with a Little Cleo.

It’s gonna happen…I guarantee it. You put enough days in on the water and a hook is going to find its way into your skin. As a full-time guide and dad of a 7-year-old fishing fanatic, I’m in harm’s way more than most—but even weekend warriors are going to get spiked at some point.

It happens fast too. One minute you’re happily fishing and the next your day is potentially over because someone’s got a treble buried in their hand. Been there, done that!

In my experience, a lot of hooked situations occur when handling/unhooking fish. I once took a 3/0 siwash through the meat of my thumb when a salmon I was unhooking flopped…the back hook of a Kwikfish stuck me good and the fish (still hooked to the belly hook) was still wildly thrashing around on the deck! OUCH! When I worked on the Nushagak River in Alaska, every one of my guide buddies suffered a similar fate while releasing kings next to the boat.

Small steelies are the worst! Last fall, I was reaching down to unhook a feisty half-pounder hooked on a plug. As I was sliding my hand down the line towards the lure, I was thinking: “Hey dummy…use your pliers.” But, alas, I didn’t listen to my own advice and you can guess what happened next! I grabbed the plug, the fish went crazy and then, in a nanosecond, we became blood brothers!

Lack of rod awareness during the cast is also a major culprit. In fact, just the other day, I was fishing with my kid and he popped me right in the chin (see photo) with a Little Cleo on the cast. I’ve had clients catch themselves (and each other) in the back of the head or shoulder when casting. The scariest of which occurred while I was on a striper trip and my dudes were throwing 6-inch long surface poppers liberally festooned with large trebles. On guy wasn’t watching what he was doing and reached back to make a long cast but instead of going overhand, he got a little sidearm and on the follow-through, got his buddy right above the ear. The cast had so much force that the 3/0 treble traveled about 3 inches from the point of contact to the time it finally came to a stop, buried to the bend in the guy’s scalp!

A hot steelie in the net and a plug full of trebles. A hook in the hand just waiting to happen!

What You Can Do

How the rest of your day turns out can often be determined by your preparedness. With a few basic tools and skills, you will be able to handle most hook-in-skin situations—and be able to keep fishing.

But let’s back up here first. The most important thing you can do to protect yourself from a serious hooking injury is to always wear quality glasses/sunglasses. A hook in the arm sucks, but if you get it in the eye, that’s a whole different level of bad!

When dealing with hooked fish, it’s a good idea to bonk them in the net before handling them. Give them a good pop with the stick and you wont have to worry about thrashing fish and flying hooks. Of course, when releasing a fish this isn’t an option—which leads me to my next safety tip:

Go barbless! Aside from my fall chinook fishery, I’ve gone barbless on everything. I keep very few steelhead, trout or striped bass, so why bother running barbs? For fish you plan on letting go, de-barbed hooks are the way to go. It’s so much easier on them—and safer for you. In that striper plug above the ear story I just told, the big top water popper was barbless and the hook easily popped out with pliers. A barbed hook that deep in someone’s head probably would have resulted in a trip to the ER.

A more serious hooking like this three-way may be the job for an ER doctor.

Extraction Time

Okay, so speaking of the emergency room—there are times when only professionals should do the hook pulling. Hooks in or around eyes shouldn’t be messed with…in fact nose and face shots are pretty dodgy for the amateur too. In short, anything that looks a bit sketchy is best left to the pros.

For the minor cases, I carry a little kit for hook emergencies with me on the boat that includes a set of needle nose pliers, a really good pair of wire cutters, split ring pliers, a spool of 60-pound mono, a tube of Neosporin, some aspirin and Advil, alcohol wipes and Band-Aids. That pretty much covers me on all minor hooking incidents.

When somebody gets hooked, the first order of business is to cut the line and remove the lure. Your patient doesn’t need any extra pressure or weight on the wound. To remove the hook, I use one of two techniques…

The “Line Trick” as it’s often called works great in most situations. First, take one pass of that heavy mono around the hook and then wrap the two loose ends in your hand. Next, use your other hand to hold the eye of the hook against the patient’s skin. What you’re going to do next is yank hard with your hand holding the line. It’s critical to pull in the opposite direction of the way the hook went in!

This method is all about commitment! You can’t do a half-hearted pull…it’s got to be quick and sharp. It’s amazing how easily a hook will come out this way when executed properly.

The “Push-Though” system is less ideal but sometimes necessary. As the name implies, you have to pass the imbedded point out through the skin. Once the barbed portion is clear, take pliers and cut it off and then back the other part of the hook out.

Trust me, skin is a lot tougher than you think and pushing a hook point through is no picnic! But there are situations in which the line trick just isn’t the best bet. Hooks deeply buried in fingers are a good example. Yanking hard on a line here can potentially bend or break a person’s finger, so you really have to be careful.

Before you try either method, dunking the hooked body part in ice water will help numb it and may make the extraction less painful. Just be sure it’s clean water—soaking in the cooler that’s got fish blood in it is going to cause you infection issues.

In all cases, when the hook is free, thoroughly clean the wound and then coat it in antiseptic ointment. Check the hook for rust…if there’s any doubt there, check your records for the last time you had a tetanus shot.

Tips from Dr. Reilly

Okay, my buddy Reilly isn’t really an MD, but he’s done a fine job of freeing hooks from my skin on several occasions out on the water. One of his major field surgeon attributes—and one that we all can learn from—is his calmness. When you are dealing with somebody that’s hooked, keep your cool. If you freak out, you’re not doing the person with the hook in his arm any favors!

And Reilly’s biggest trick is distraction. When you’re getting ready to pull a hook out, try to get the person thinking about something else. Then, do the deed when they are not expecting it. Tell them you are going to yank on the count of three…and then pop it on two instead. The natural instinct is to tense up at the moment of truth but hooks come out a lot easier from relaxed tissue and flesh.

Follow these basic guidelines and you should be able to handle minor hook issues—and keep fishing!

So, What is it About Steelhead?

Issue: January 2014

Steelhead make me want to follow every single anadromous river from the mouth to the source—and then float back down them again.

“Steelhead haunt my dreams and run through my veins. They have taken me to the top of the mountain and they have broken my heart. I’ve bled for them; I’ve frozen for them and I’ve driven, flown, hiked and floated thousands and thousands of miles for them…and there’s not a single day of the year that I don’t think about them.”

I was once doing a phone interview with a writer from a big East Coast magazine. From his cozy office in New York City, he asked me what it was that made steelhead fishing such a special sport.

It was hard for me to answer. I mean, with steelhead…you either get it or you don’t. There are so many deep-seeded feelings and emotions for me that are tied to these fish that it’s almost impossible to articulate in a way that somebody on the outside can understand.

So, I spat out the first thing that came to mind:

“I fish for steelhead so I can see them up close…”


And then, I just got on a roll and rattled off a total unabated stream of consciousness…

I fish for steelhead because I want to get as close to them as I can. I feel that they are like fine art, each one to be viewed quietly, taken in and remembered. I told him that I have never felt more alive and in touch with the world--and myself--as when I’m standing in a misty canyon, with a ribbon of emerald flowing in front of me.

Steelhead haunt my dreams and run through my veins. They have taken me to the top of the mountain and they have broken my heart. I’ve bled for them; I’ve frozen for them and I’ve driven, flown, hiked and floated thousands and thousands of miles for them…and there’s not a single day of the year that I don’t think about them.

Steelhead make me straight-up crazy. Even on dry land, I can close my eyes and literally feel what that moment of first contact is like, that initial tight line surge. And I can make my heart rate jump by simply imagining a float going under or a plug rod going off. Oh man…the plug takedown of a steelhead…wow…if that doesn’t get your juices flowing, you’d better check your pulse because you’re probably dead.

I fish for steelhead because I want to get as close to them as I can.

Steelhead make me want to follow every single anadromous river from the mouth to the source--and then float back down them again. They make me think irrational thoughts like maybe I should just sell the house and get a toy hauler that fits a drift boat and hit the open road...and never come back! They drive me to drink; they drive me to the limits--mentally, physically, emotionally. Steelhead make me wear the numbers off my credit cards and sometimes pull the hairs off my head.

They give me this insatiable desire to fix all the damage that has been done to the rivers they call home. They drive me to pick up trash, fight for flows, plant trees and dump spawning gravel by the truckload into the water.

Steelhead are the fish I’d miss Christmas for and the reason I got married during the offseason. They give me sweaty palms and weak knees. Though I’ve probably shaved at least a year off my life expectancy due to all the junk food consumed on steelie road trips, I also believe that every day you fish for steelhead is one you get to tack onto the end. And speaking of the end, if I had a choice, I’d go steelhead fishing on my last day on the planet. I’ve informed my family what to do when my time is about up: Take me to the top of some whitewater gorge with a drift boat and a couple rods. No need for a life jacket or a shuttle…it will be my last ride. Hopefully, there will be a couple biters along the way!

Steelhead are responsible for all the drift and float and plug and fly and center-pin rods…the jigs and stacks of Pip’s and boxes of plugs; the BC Steels and the spinner boxes; the Slinkies and pink worms; the two deflated pontoon boats; the Fish Pills all over the floor; the nets and waders and boots and pink-stained fridge—that all make my garage useless to terrestrial vehicles. They’ve also ruined many a potentially productive day in the office…all it takes is a photo or a text from somebody on the river and I’m worthless the rest of the afternoon.

Steelhead are why my favorite color is green--because it reminds me of the perfect hue of a river just coming into shape and the giant redwoods that stand on its banks. And because of the dorsal color of one of those awesome-looking bucks that’s transitioning from ocean chrome to river camo--olive back and a faint pink cheek and stripe peeking out from silver flanks.

In short, steelhead are epic, nearly indescribable critters that make me tick and dream and feel alive. I’m not at all sure the interviewer ever really got the message, but I bet you all do…

All-American Steelies

Issue: December 2013

The American River has a mellow disposition and is mostly Class 1 and II water the whole way from Nimbus Dam to the mouth.

Carp, squawfish and maybe a few suckers—that’s often what comes to mind when you first see the American River on a map. It’s a logical conclusion, too, considering the river flows smack through the heart of California’s Capitol City. How could anything but trash fish survive in the middle of such a densely populated metropolitan area?

Take a closer look at the American, however, and you see that things aren’t always as they seem. Though the river is within easy striking distance of well over 1 million people, it is surprisingly uncrowded. And what’s even more impressive is the diversity—and quality—of the fishing here.

While aforementioned rough fish do call the river home, it also plays host to surprisingly good runs of chinook salmon, striped bass and shad. This time of year, however, winter steelhead are the stars of the show!

Urban Steel

Beginning in December and running into March, winter-run steelhead ascend the American rapidly (they can make the 23-mile run from the mouth to the hatchery in as little as two days) and pile up in the upper portion of the river.

While there are productive riffles and flats in the lower river at places like Paradise Beach, Watt Ave., Gristmill, River Bend Park, Ancil Hoffman Park and Rossmoor Bar, the best fishing generally takes place from the Sunrise Bridge up. In particular, the steelies really keg up at Sailor Bar, the Nimbus Basin and the area immediately below Nimbus Fish Hatchery.

The winter steelies are mainly of hatchery origin and will average 6 to 8 pounds. Since they are of the Eel River strain, they can occasionally get much larger and fish from 14 to 18 pounds show up now and then.

Pretty darned cool when you consider you’re only minutes from downtown Sacramento!

Getting Bit

Conventional anglers drift a lot of roe on the American, but nightcrawlers are often even more effective starting in about February. Pink plastic worms catch plenty of fish too and jigs and bobbers are really catching on as well.

Hardware-chuckers fishing Little Cleo spoons and No. 3 Blue Fox spinners on the swing also do very well. Fly-fishing is popular here as well and Glo Bugs and nymphs such as Birds Nests, Hare’s Ears and Fox’s Pupae dead-drifted under indicators will take fish. You’ll also see lots of Spey casters on the river, and black, pink and purple leech patterns take some nice fish every winter.

Drift boaters tend to side-drift with eggs and ‘crawlers and back-troll wobbling plugs like No. 40 Hot Shots and Yakima Bait’s 3.5 MagLips in darker patterns. Threaded nighthcrawlers fished behind No. 10 Jet Divers also get eaten quite a bit.

Great Bank Access

Thanks to numerous county parks and a bike trail that runs the length of the river, bank anglers will find plenty of access points along the American from which to fish. Some folks car hop between access points, while others walk or ride the bike trail. You can contact Sacramento County Parks for a map of river access areas.

The author with an American River steelhead.


The American River has a mellow disposition and is mostly Class 1 and II water the whole way from Nimbus Dam to the mouth. The main spot to watch out for is the San Juan Rapids, between Sunrise and Rossmoor, but they aren’t too technical. Down where the Arden Rapids used to be spawning gravel placed last fall has altered the river. It’s hard to say what that’s going to look like after some high water this winter, but just pay attention when you get to the bike bridge at River Bend Park.

The county maintains four concrete ramps along the American and there are several other gravel launch areas accessible to anglers with four-wheel drive vehicles. During winter steelhead season, the Sailor Bar to Rossmoor Bar drift is the most popular, but steelheaders can get away from the crowds by fishing further downstream. The tradeoff is the fishing usually tapers off with each mile traveled downriver.

Boats should be aware that no motors are allowed from Nov. 1 through March 15 above the power lines at Ancil Hoffman Park. The rest of the river is open to powerboats but a 5 mph speed limit makes it really a driftboat-only type of place.

Spring Steelhead

In March, the winter steelhead give way to a spirited run of small spring fish that will go 2 to 5 pounds. These feisty little guys tend to take their time moving upstream and, therefore, you can find them spread throughout the system—not just all at the top. Just about any riffle from Paradise Beach up to the dam has potential through April and drifted nightcrawlers are the top getters for conventional anglers while fluff-chuckers should concentrate on subsurface caddis imitations.


So, the fishing really is worthwhile despite the American’s urban location. But what about the scenery? Luckily, the early architects of the city of Sacramento had enough sense not to allow civilization to grow right to the water’s edge. There are a few sections of the river where there are houses on the bank, but for the most part, the concrete jungle is held at bay by a thin green belt that runs the entire length of the American below Nimbus Dam.

In that greenway, you’re likely to see lots of deer and turkey, along with tons of herons, egrets and various waterfowl. Also calling the area home are raptors such as red tailed hawks, osprey and the occasional bald eagle. When you’re down on the water, you’d swear that you’re 100 miles from town—and the nearest carp.


I run steehead drift trips all winter long on the American and you can reach me at Guide Blair Dixson is great too: (916) 397-0603.

Blood, Guts and other Assorted Goo...

Issue: October 2013

Come late afternoon, a boat’s deck can be awash in a thick coating of fish slime, fish blood, ground-up Doritos, roe balls that somebody stepped on and an unknown assortment of other smelly stinky, dirty things.

Blood, guts, roe, sardines, squid, sand shrimp, prawns, tuna, crawfish and a wide assortment of bait pastes, stink sauces and fish oils… fall fishing can be one messy business! And just think: that stuff gets all over everything… Your rods, your lures, your boat, your reels, your clothes—and you!

If left unattended, all that slimy mess will turn rancid and cover everything you have with fish-repelling stink. Unsightly and unappealing to finned critters! So, it is imperative to thoroughly wash all your gear before you put it away.

Unfortunately there’s no one magic bullet that you can use to clean everything but I have found a handful of products that get the job done very nicely. Here are some suggestions to “de-stinkify” your fishing stuff:

Rods & Reels

This time of year—salmon season—is when my gear really gets hammered. Rods and reels end up with a liberal coating of pinkish egg slime at the end of each day that, if you forget to wipe everything down, eventually dries, hardens and turns into a thick, yellowish crust. I know you know what I’m talking about here—the stuff is damn near impossible to get off, right?

In my early days of egg-fishing, I tried just about everything to get the scunge off—scrubbing rods and reels with plastic brushes and soapy water didn’t do the trick, nor did hitting them with a low-powered pressure washer. Heck, I even tried putting them in a hot shower and letting them steam for 20 minutes to little or no avail.

Then an old-timer guide let me in on a little secret: Lemon Pledge is like magic! Yep, I’m talking the furniture polish here. This stuff works wonders on all that dried, caked-on goo! All you have to do is spray some Pledge on the areas you want to clean, let it foam for several minutes, and then wipe it off with a dry towel. Presto… blanks, cork handles, guides and reel side plates look new again!

Speaking of reels, you can simply give ‘em the Pledge treatment and be done or, if you want go the extra mile, spray some WD-40 on a cloth afterward and then wipe them down. Nice and shiny!


Since it is fall salmon time, I’m sure a lot of you are running sardine wraps on your plugs—along with an assortment of other types of scent—sticky liquids, bait oils and smelly pastes.

Salmon are obviously very sensitive to scent and that’s why we’re always adding it to our baits and lures. However, those smells that attract fish will also repel them if left on your lures. So, as soon as you’re done using a plug it needs a bath.

I like to throw them in a bucket of soapy water and let the slime and oils loosen up. Then, at the end of the day, I’ll gently scrub any residue off with a soft bristled plastic brush. Avoid sponges because they just don’t mix well with treble hooks. A quick rinse in river water (don’t use tap water if possible because it often contains chlorine), followed by a pat-down with a towel and you’re done. Just remember to let your baits dry thoroughly before putting them in the box to avoid rust.

Since salmon have such powerful sniffers, don’t use just any soap. Lemon Joy is the way to go (Ajax brand at the Dollar Store works too). I’m not sure why fish don’t seem to mind the smell of lemon, but you can confidently wash stuff in it without fear of turning them off. To prove that point to a skeptical client one day, I squirted Lemon Joy all over my bait wrap and promptly got bit! Not sure I’d recommend that one every day, but it worked that time…

A quick rinse with the hose and you’re done! Once I started using 
this stuff, my boat hasn’t sparkled so much since it was new.

Boat Interiors

Boat interiors and floors are often thoroughly disgusting after a day of fishing. Come late afternoon, a boat’s deck can be awash in a thick coating of fish slime, fish blood, ground-up Doritos, roe balls that somebody stepped on and unknown assortment of other smelly stinky, dirty things.

I’ve tried quite a few products for cleaning the inside of my boat, and I have found Simple Green is not a bad way to go—but I’m not so sure about the smell that it leaves on the inside of the boat. I really don’t want my customers touching anything that has a chemical smell and then transferring that scent onto their baits or lures.

Recently I found my new favorite boat-cleaning product in the laundry detergent aisle… OxyClean Versatile Powder. This white detergent apparently has a real knack for eating proteins...which is obviously what a lot of the schmegma on the inside of a fishing boat is made of.

All I do is pour one scoop into a bucket, then spray some warm water into it and then scrub it on my floors and interior with a plastic brush. Next, I simply walk away and let the OxyClean do its magic. The longer you leave it on, the more stains it eats up.

A quick rinse with the hose and you’re done! Once I started using this stuff, my boat hasn’t sparkled so much since it was new. An additional plus: the stuff’s biodegradable.


Now that you’ve gotten everything cleaned up, there’s one thing that probably still stinks: You! Sardine stank is hard to get off your hands—especially on warm days—and roe funk hangs around quite a while too. Throw in some fish cleaning and maybe a bag of Flaming Hot Cheetos and the wife’s not going to get within 100 yards of you.

That’s where a stiff plastic brush and some Dr. Bronner’s Liquid Peppermint Soap come in handy. Give all affected areas a thorough scrubbing and you may just be allowed back in the house!

Do-It-Yourself Alaskan Silvers on a Budget

Issue: September 2013

There’s some awesome fishing along many of Alaska’s road systems!

I've talked to way too many people lately who have told me that their lifetime dream is to fish Alaska…but all too often the conversation gets around to finances and many folks just don’t think they’ll ever be able to afford it.

But I’m here to tell ya that there are ways to make your fantasy fishing adventure into reality. As long as you’re willing to forgo the mint-on-the-pillow lodging and fully guided fishing experience, you can do Alaska for a lot less cash than you think!

One of the reasons I bring this up in the fall is we’re in the post-summer peak and, therefore, you can find some good deals. Plus, late August into early October is prime time for chrome coho!

Here’s how to do it on the cheap…

Fish the Road

Several destinations in Alaska have good road systems, and by renting a car, you can access plenty of world-class fishing. Of course, roadside spots are often crowded with anglers but it’s amazing how alone you can feel by simply walking up or downstream a few hundred yards.

The more remote a location you choose, the more expensive the car rental is. For example, we rented a moldy, leaky, gutless wonder of a wreck we dubbed “The Wrat” in Cordova for the alarming rate of $900/week (which really isn’t all that bad when divided three or four ways), but cars in places like Kodiak and Juneau were much more reasonable. If available, you typically get a better rate from the “name brand” rental places. Some hotels and cabins also include car rental in their packages, so take a close look at that type of deal too.

Also, consider upgrading to a 4WD or at least something with some ground clearance. One year, my buddy Ron and I about ripped the transmission fluid pan right off the bottom of a tiny economy car while going like a rocket on a logging road about 50 miles from town! Can you say bear food?

“Rough It”

I’m just kidding here—camping in the fall in Alaska isn’t the best plan. The weather can turn quickly on you and living in a miserably cold and damp tent for a week isn’t my idea of fun.

By “roughing it” I’m talking about passing on the 5-star accommodations and finding a place to stay that is easier on the wallet. Nothing is super cheap in Alaska, but you can find some very reasonable rates on motels, cabins and B&B’s—again, especially when you can divide up the cost.

When I’m on self-guided fishing missions with friends, we really don’t care how nice a place is. We’re typically fishing until the wee hours so all that’s required is a place that’s clean, warm and dry. We spend so little time indoors that anything above the bare minimum is a waste of money.

One thing I would look into, however, is if the place has a freezer where you can keep fish during your visit. In most Alaskan fishing towns, there are processing plants that will clean, vacuum seal, freeze and ship your fish but we’ve also taken a Food Saver on some missions and did the processing ourselves to save money.

You can get to plenty of fish—and solitude—by fishing road-system streams and then doing a bit of hiking…

<span style="color: #cc6600;">Hot Destinations</span><br><br>There are tons of cool places to visit this time of year for a little do-it-yourself fishing adventure but two that I’ve found extremely enjoyable are Kodiak and Cordova. <br><br>Cordova has some of the largest silvers in Alaska and the numbers of fish there can be mind-boggling. On our last mission, Reilly and I probably caught 60 chrome coho each a day without trying. The downside is there isn’t a whole lot of variety there in the fall. Some Dollies and saltwater fishing, but it’s mostly a silver show.<br><br>There’s a mixture of waters to fish that are easily accessed from the road system: The Eyak River just outside of town has plenty of coho below the outlet of Eyak Lake. The best action occurs in the deeper holes about a mile and a half downstream. Access to that area is via boat (there’s a public boat launch at Mile 6.5 on the highway) or by hiking the trail that begins at the bridge. The trail is a well-worn affair that begins on the downstream side of the bridge and follows the western bank of the river. <br><br>Ibeck Creek—locally known as “7 Mile” because of its distance from town—has a tremendous run of silvers and you can hike up- or downstream from the bridge on well-worn trails. You can also check out Hippy Cove (Fleming Spit), Alaganik Slough and several other smaller streams. Power Creek also gets loaded with Dollies. <br><br>I’ve stayed at the Reluctant Fisherman Inn, which was fine, right on the harbor and had the benefit of having a restaurant/bar that was open late for those of us burning the midnight oil out fishing. I’ve also been to Orca Adventure Lodge at the end of the road, which was a very nice basecamp too. <br><br>Kodiak is probably my all-time favorite road-system spot. There’s a lot more road to explore there than Cordova and more accessible streams too. The town of Cordova is also large enough to offer everything you need as far as supplies and meals. <br><br>The Buskin River right on the outskirts of town is a big-time silver producer. It’s lower reaches get pounded by local anglers but if you hike just a little bit, you can get away from people. Out of town, the Olds, American and Pasagshak rivers are all worth investigating and feature easy wading on pea-gravel bottoms. There are tons of other smaller streams to check out as well—and we’ve also caught lots of silvers in the surf there at places like Kalsin Bay. <br><br>The best place I’ve found to stay in Kodiak is A Smiling Bear B&B. The place is awesome, the owner treats you like family and the rates are really reasonable. Just plan on gaining some weight with all the wonderful food!<br><br>There you have it—that dream Alaskan vacation isn’t as far out of reach as you thought!

Bait Brine Madness

Issue: August 2013

So, everywhere you look these days you see ads for bait brines…brines for herring, eggs, shrimp and more. Big companies like Pro Cure, Atlas-Mike’s and Pautzke, along with some smaller outfits, all seem to be on board with the concept. But is this all just marketing hype or do bait brines really deserve a place in salmon, trout and steelhead anglers’ curing repertoire? Well, I spent the better part of the past couple seasons trying all sorts of baits in liquid cures to find out… The two major selling points that the manufacturers typically use is that liquid brines for baits are quick, easy to use and are all but fool-proof. Lofty claims…but if true, they’d represent a new era in the bait-curing process. Atlas-Mike’s came out with the first “cure in a bottle” for eggs and so, thus, was the first one I tried. I cannot personally comment on the products from the likes of Pautzke and Pro Cure, et al, but I have heard good things about both as well. I’m sure they all have little subtle nuances that make them different from the others and you’ll just have to test several different brands until you find the one that best suits your needs.

Too Good to Be True?

I have brined eggs in the past, so the theory here isn’t new. However, my previous experiences always had to do with making brines up with powdered cures, water and a special blend of 11 secret herbs and spices. What is unique about these new cures, however, is the fact that they come in liquid form. Throw your bait in a zip-lock, pour the cure over it and let the magic begin.

It sounded too easy to be true…and, quite honestly, I’m a bit of a skeptic when it comes to such things. When I first ordered a couple bottles of Mike’s Brite & Tight Cluster-Skein Formula 1-Step Cure, I figured that the company would have a tiger by the tail if the stuff actually worked. After all, many of my early days of egg curing went horribly wrong and my eggs ended up too gooey and soft or burnt to a crisp. I’ve heard that sad tale from tons of fishermen too. If the Brite & Tight worked as advertised, it would make life so much easier for a lot of folks—in particular, the recreational guy who only gets to fish here and there on the weekends and doesn’t have much bait to waste perfecting his curing process.

The Process

I started by cutting my skeins into bait-sized clusters and then dropped them into a gallon-sized zip-lock. I poured enough cure into the bag to cover all the eggs and mixed everything around a few times. Make sure you are wearing rubber gloves because the dye in the cure will stain your fingers for days. The cure takes best at room temperature and the bottle says that all you need to do is let it soak for 2 to 12 hours. Because I live in a hot climate, that’s not practical, so I put the eggs in the fridge for 24 hours.

When I pulled them out of the fridge the next afternoon, the eggs were glowing orange—almost Gooey Bob or Jensen Egg color. They were nice and firm but not like rubber balls and smelled good. It really was that easy.

Now, you still have to do some work to ensure the end product is to your liking. I found that the brined eggs need to dry overnight in a strainer (less time if you want a more wet salmon-style egg). Then, I’d let them sit out again overnight in the cool garage on paper towels to get a good tacky steelhead side-drift-style bait. After that, the eggs were so nice that there was hardly any mess on my gear or hands after a day of fishing with them.

The results...nice, firm eggs that smell really good and catch fish. It’s just that easy.


Mike’s claims that their eggs last for months in the fridge and a year in the freezer. I have yet to freeze any of them, instead I’ve just kept them refrigerated in air-tight plastic tubs. I’ve now had eggs in the fridge for nine months and they look and smell great and don’t have any mold. I’m not sure how long they’ll last like that but so far, so good!

On-the-Water Test

I fished for both kings and steelhead with the Brite & Tight eggs. What’s immediately apparent is how durable the baits are when done properly. The color and smell also last longer than conventional cures. That durability translated into a clear increase in fishing time, which can only improve one’s success.

I caught plenty of kings with the stuff but seemed to do better on steelhead and that may be due to the fact that the cure is sulfite-free. Which leads me to my next point…


The really interesting thing about liquid brine cures is that the sky’s the limit on what you can do to doctor them up. You can add all sorts of your favorite scents, oils and other sneaky bite enhancers to make your baits even more effective. Just off the top of my head, Pro Cure’s water-soluble scents would probably be very interesting to try. You could also add any number of commercially-produced scents along with natural stuff like tuna oil or throw some sardine chunks into the bag with the eggs.

On a semi-related note, just for kicks I also cured up raw prawn meat with the cure with the same general method as the one listed above. The baits took the color well and had an amazing scent to them (hello summer steelies!).


Well, I was very impressed with the liquid cure and I think it’s going to be a huge hit with anglers who’ve had trouble curing eggs the conventional way. The only downside is a bottle of liquid is less cost effective than a shaker of powdered cure. However, when you factor in the cost of your time and how precious eggs can be, the value is pretty good in the end.

Again, I tried the Mike’s stuff and was very happy with it but don’t be afraid to try out Pro Cure, Pautzke and the others. Happy brining!

Advanced Spooning Techniques

Issue: June 2013

Vertical spooning works great for lake trout!

Summer’s here and that means that there are plenty of spooning opportunities out there! I love the simplicity and effectiveness that spooning (aka: “jigging”) affords and it is one deadly technique for ocean salmon, halibut and rockfish, along with trout and landlocked salmon in lakes and reservoirs.

While it’s a super easy technique to learn, there are some little twists and tweaks that can help you take your jigging to the next level. If you’re game, read on!

Rigging Up & The Big Secret

For spooning, you want a rod that’s got some oomph in the lower two-thirds—so you can muscle fish out of deep water and also move the spoon. But it should also have some give in the tip so that a fish can suck down your spoon and not feel too much resistance. Casting gear is the only way to go, as it’s really hard to make subtle adjustments with spinning tackle.

I like a baitcaster with a high-speed retrieve (above 7:1) if I’m working deep water, or a lower speed, more torquey model when trying to wench big fish out of the rocks. When it comes to line, keep this in mind: braid…braid…braid. There’s no other choice for jigging. Braided line has a slim profile so it is less subject to current drag, has no stretch (great for deep water), and is super durable and very sensitive.

Now, here’s the super top secret rigging tip I can throw at you to make your jigging much more effective: Run a heavy mono leader—the heaviest you can get away with without spooking the fish. For example, I’ll run a 10- to 15-foot section of 40-pound when jigging mackinaw. The lakers rarely get over 15 pounds where I fish, so it’s not the strength of the line I’m looking for but the thick diameter. The heavy line acts almost like a parachute for the lure, slowing its fall and thus making it flutter more enticingly. You’d be amazed how much of a difference this makes!

If you’re trout fishing in a lake, 20-pound seems to do the trick and I’ve gone as heavy as 60-plus when in the ocean. Spoons

When it comes to choosing a spoon, there are several things to consider. What does the natural forage in the area look like? In most cases, I try to “match the hatch” as much as possible and use the jig that best matches the profile and color of the local baitfish. When herring are the main item on the menu for salmon, rockfish or halibut, I’ll go with something like a silver Hopkins, Crippled Herring, Point Wilson Dart or Blade Runner spoon. But if narrow baitfish are what the fish are dining on, a slender jig like a Point Wilson Candlefish or a P-Line Laser Minnow will get the job done.

Silver or white are great all-around colors as most baitfish have some sort of shiny hue to them. However, when I’m bouncing rock piles for rockfish and lings, I’ll often switch to a darker lure—something brown, dark green or black—to match the myriad of juvenile rockfish that inhabit these areas.

In freshwater, the same concepts apply. I’ll go with a wider-bodied spoon when threadfin shad are the primary baitfish and then use a more streamlined model when the fish are eating pond smelt. Kokanee are a bit of a wild card and they seem to prefer spoons with bright fluorescent finishes like hot pink, flame red and chartreuse.

As far as weight goes, you want to use the lightest lure you can get away with. It’s pretty simple: the lighter the lure, the more flutter you get. And of course, the more your spoon is flashing like a wounded fish, the better!

Assist hooks have some nice advantages over traditional trebles.

Swap the Hooks!

The majority of all jigging spoons come standard with treble hooks but I’ve never been all that fond of them. Taking a tip from the tropical saltwater guys, I started testing assist hooks out and have gone all in with them. If you’ve never heard of assist hooks, let me explain. They’re a single hook attached to a short length of cord that is fastened to the top eye of the spoon (yes, the top!). Some folks run two hooks up there but I’ve found one works great. I have to admit that a jig looks strange with the treble removed and the hook at the top, but they are deadly.

Assist hooks are also much easier on the fish and are usually buried right in the corner of the jaw—not down in the gills. They’ve also been a godsend for me when jigging deep like I do for mackinaw at places like Lake Tahoe. So many times I’ve dropped a jig all the way down to 120 feet, only to have the lure flip and the treble wrap around the line just above the knot. Talk about frustrating! But that never happens with assist hooks!


One basic concept to keep in mind when spooning is: use your wrists, not your elbows or shoulders. Most of the time the best jigging motion is, with the rod tip angled towards the water, a quick upward snap of the wrist and then you allow the tip to fall back towards the water. There’s a fine line here—the lure will have the most action as it falls on a slack line. However, most strikes come as the lure is on the drop, so if you have too much slack in your line, you will miss a lot of bites.

The best way to describe it is let your lure drop on a “controlled” fall in which you keep a little tension on the line. That’s where trouble comes in when the elbows and shoulders get involved—too high an upward stroke and you’ll almost assuredly have loose coils of line on the water, which translates into a lot of undetected strikes.

Bites can be slight “ticks” to outright arm yankers, but most are fairly subtle. For that reason, it’s a good idea to also watch your line where it enters the water. If you notice any slight hesitation or direction change, set the hook immediately!

One final note on technique: Try to keep your presentation as vertical as possible. The lures work best when presented straight up and down over the fish and you’re less prone to snags that way. If the current or wind is pushing the boat along so quickly that you have a pretty good line angle going, either reel up and drop again or try a heavier lure.

For more tricks, tips, destinations & more check out my website:

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